CBNRM in Botswana
About the programme
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Community-based Natural Resources Management in Botswana

An attempt to find new solutions for the failure of top-down approaches to conservation, CBNRM rests on the recognition that local communities must have direct control over the utilisation and benefits of natural resources - wildlife, veld products - in order to value them in a sustainable manner. CBNRM is both a conservation and rural development strategy, involving community mobilisation and organisation, institutional development, comprehensive training, enterprise development, and monitoring of the natural resource base.

The implementation of CBNRM in Botswana effectively started in 1989. The Chobe Enclave Conservation Trust (CECT) was the first community based organisation to embark on CBNRM in 1993. Twelve years later we note that remarkable progress has been made but that considerable challenges still lay ahead of us.

The CBNRM Support Programme, which was started as a joint initiative by SNV-Netherlands Development Organisation and IUCN - The World Conservation Union in 1999, entered its second phase in January 2004 and is planned up to the end of December 2006. The current programme activities are coordinated by IUCN Botswana and funded by WWF.
The aim of the project is: To create an enabling environment for sustainable support to Community Based Natural Resources Management (CBNRM) activities, undertaken by rural communities in Botswana, while maximising information sharing between similar initiatives in the southern African region.

The direct beneficiaries of the project are CBOs, NGOs, private sector, research institutes and Government Departments, which implementation, advisory and facilitation capacity will be strengthened to provide better services to rural communities involved in CBNRM, the indirect beneficiaries.


Proceedings for the 4th National CBNRM Conference and CBNRM Status Report 2006
Presentation on synergies between UNCCD and CBNRM at the CRIC in Buenos Aires

Developed by IUCN Botswana